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Seizures (Have I, had one?)

epilepsy-febrile-seizures1

Have you ever asked yourself this question about seizures, have I, had one? Did you know you can have them in your sleep? That’s right I’ve seen my grandson have them in his sleep and not even know that he had one. Let’s talk about the ones we do know about here at livegreaterhealth.com.

Seizures, have I,  had one? If you have had seizures before then you definitely could of had them in your sleep. Seizures and short term memory loss are highly associated together. I know that if you are having a EEG that it will not show if you have had a seizure or not. If you are hooked up to an EEG and have a seizure it will definitely show then.

 What is a Seizure?

seizures

  1. Let’s talk about what seizures actually are. Seizures are abnormal electrical impulses in the brain. The keyword there is abnormal. These impulses send signals to parts of the body and you have no control of it. Most of the muscles at any time can be affected it’s the face, arm, leg that usually shows. They can draw and shape and affect any part of the body that has muscles.

These are attacks that will normally come on suddenly, usually without warning.

They can be deadly and crippling or they can not bother you at all. When many people that have them, they are affected the rest of their lives. Often in children they will grow out of them as they get older.

Epilepsy means having reacurring seizures or a seizure disorder, and is a the fourth most common neurological disorder affecting people of all ages. They are called epiletic seizures. How are they Diagnosed

How are seizures diagnosed?

How are Seizures Diagnosed?

By the way of CT scans, EEG’s or MRI’s. Other test can also be done that we are going to talk about. These three are the major ones depending on your case to seizure diagnosis.

  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan – uses X-Rays to take images of the brain to detect tumors, bleeding or cycsts that might be causing seizures.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG) – the most common test for seizure diagnoses. This test consists of placing electrodes to the scalp with a paste-like substance. These electrodes record brain electrical activity to show abnormalities in brain wave activity. Doctors can tell what type of seizures you are having with this test.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – Uses radio waves and very strong magnets to make detailed image of your brain. Doctors can detect abnormalities in your brain that could be causing seizures.
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) – using radioactive materials injected in the vein to allow doctors a better way to see the abnormalities of the active areas of the brain.
  • Single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) – similar to the PET by using a low dose radioactive material injected in the vein. Only this test creates a 3-D map of the blood flow activity in the brain during a seizure.

Other tests may include Blood Tests these tests check for imbalances in your electrolytes, Blood sugar levels, and /or infections.

Types of Seizures

seizure classification

There are two major types of seizures.

They are classified in two groups.

  1. Focal seizures – these types of seizures affect only one area of the brain.
  • Complex focal seizures – affects the way your memory and emotional section of your brain works. When this kind happens you may lose consciousness and still look like awake with different body movements.
  • Simple focal seizures – causes you smell and taste senses change the way they react without losing consciousness. Your limbs of your body may twitch or jerk with nausea and sweating.

 

  • Secondary generalized seizures – starts out similar to simple focal in one side of the brain and spreads to the other side. This can cause you to have a focal seizure, and then be followed by a generalized seizure.

2. Generalized seizures – affect both sides of the brain.

  • Abscence seizures (petit mal) – people who have this stare out into space without moving, usually up to 15 seconds. These are caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
  • Tonic-clonic seizures (grand mal) – you will have lose of consciousness and muscle contractions. People who have these usually have tonic seizure followed by a clonic seizure.
  • Tonic seizures – causes the muscles to get tight and tense up with lose of consciousness. Can happen in anyone.
  • Clonic seizures – abnormal electrical activity in one part of the brain that causes jerking in the limbs.
  • Myoclonic seizures – Is a sudden jerking of the muscles as if you had a shock. The brain stem area that decreases and increases the muscle function are closely related, so you may have atonic and myoclonic close together.
  • Atonic seizures – causes your muscles to lose strength and go limp. Causing you to fall or lose your balance and slumpover.

Seizure Treatments

Some of the treatments used for seizures are medications to control their onset.

  • Valproic acid (Depakene)
  • Phenobarbital
  • Oxcarbazepine (Oxtellar, Trileptal)
  • Zonisamide (Zonegran)
  • Phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek)
  • Gabapentin (Gralise, Neurontin)
  • Carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol)
  • Topiramate (Topamax)
  • Lamotrigine (Lamictal)

Other treatments might be physical therapy and exercise

Seizures in Children

epilepsy-febrile-seizures

There is a seizure type that is more common in children and it is Febrile seizure. Febrile seizures occur when an infection leading to a high fever comes on. There is other reasons for this type of seizures like medications, metabolic disorders, accidental poisoning  and drugs.

Febrile seizures usually occur in children from ages 3 months to 5 years old. This children that have tonic-clonic seizures with high fever, most commonly are called febrile seizures.

Seizure Causes

Here is a list of some main seizure causes that we’ve put together and reasons.

  • Head injuries – this is a major cause many people have seizures due to accidental head injuries in their lifes.

 

  • Brain tumors – this is something you can’t prevent and you never know when you may get or have one.

 

  • CNS infections – this infections involve the central nervous system some of them are…………

Meningitis, which covers the brain and spinal cord.

Cerabal Abcess, which is a bacterial brain infection.                                                                                                               Encephalitis, this is a viral infection of the brain.

  • Genetics disorder (Neurocutaneous) , tuberous sclerosis, or abnormal growth of cells that develope into tumors.

These maybe the most common reasons for seizures, but there is more that are rare.

Reason for Seizure Help

This article is to help all people be more aware of seizure conditions, what they can do about them, where they should go for help. What to expect from seizures and how to react.aa

We want to spread this information out to the world for more and more people to become aware of Seizure Awareness. I believe that awareness of all diseases will help save more lives.

Conclusion

This is the end of our article at How to Stay Healthy for Life we hope we’ve made some sort of a difference in spresding the word about how we can be ready for first aid for seizures when we are confronted with one.

This website covers many diseases and conditions that affect our everyday lifes. Our greatest hope is that we can make a difference. If we’ve made a difference in your life leave us a comment below and let us know, we appreciate you.

 

To learn to build a blog like this Click Here

 

Fred Rexroat

18 Comments

  1. This is not something I have had a problem with but I have known several people who have struggled with this. It’s great to see so many options to help treat it. Thank you for sharing.

    • Thanks for your comment Rick, I hope this post will help bring more awareness to seizures, something with little warning. If we feel that we might have a problem with this we to get it checked out with our doctor.

  2. This is a great article, I love how much detail you provide. I am epileptic and I have nocturnal seizures so my husband spent many nights having to endure my episodes. It has taken many medications to get my seizures under control and the cause has been undetermined. If it wasn’t for forums and other patients I don’t think I could have endured my situation the way I have. Thanks for sharing this info!

    • Thank you Melissa for the comment, my comment section has got a problem and I think I found it. Seizures can be controlled with the right medicines.

  3. A very interesting and informative article.
    I have learnt a lot that I never knew before from reading this.
    Thanks

    • Your welcome and thanks for the comment Michael, I always hope to inform people of the best information that is out on the subject. If you would like to know something on a health article, just let us know by commenting below.

  4. What a thorough overview of seizures and the different kinds people encounter! This was fascinating for me to read, as I’ve had a couple childhood friends who used to have them quite frequently. Concerning the Febrile seizures, do most children/infants grow out of these types as well?

    • Thank you for the comment, they sometimes will have more than one seizure in their lives, but most usually grow out of them when they get older.

  5. Thank you for educating us on seizures. When I was young we had a friend who had them really bad. It scared me to death the first time I seen him go through it. Is there a way to totally cure this or is it something that can be only suppressed?

    • Thank you for the comment, there is medication you can take that will help. It’s not a cure, It only treats. Most children will grow out of them, it just depends on the type and their situation.

  6. Wow, this is a lot of useful information!

    I used to teach a Wilderness First Aid course and one topic we always covered was seizures, but I did not know they are the 4th Most Common Neurological Disorder!

    While we made a point to emphasize the signs and symptoms of grand mal seizures, students often found it surprising that petit mal seizures could come and go in as quickly as 15 seconds, as you mention!

    I learned a lot more here than I already knew, so thanks!

    • Thank you for the comment, seizures as well as you know can’t be predicted. We do know that if you’ve had them before the chances on having them again is greater. This is something we shouldn’t worry about to much, just be prepared and know what to do.

  7. What a great topic to help educate people on. I know I have had 3 seizures several years ago. As far as I know I haven’t had one since. They never did figure out why I had them either. Craziness.
    I have a great friend who’s daughter is 3 and goes through several seizures although she is seeking help from Children’s Hospital I will let her know about your post. She may find even more help. Poor kids hate to see them go through all of this.
    Thank you for the wonderful article

    • Thank you Melissa for the comment, It’s a very scary thing if you have went through this or seen somebody go through it. My grandson who is 9 has them. It is real serious to see him when this happens. I hope you never have another one.

  8. Hi Fred,
    A very well written and informative article on the topic of seizers. I have done a lot of work on the latest developments in pain management, and part of the research included studying interviews of chronic pain sufferers. All the stories were heartfelt and really spoke to the challenges of living with daily pain. One account in particular was very hard to forget. A man told how humiliated he was after being taken for a drunk when he had a seizure in public. I think your post does a great service combatting such ignorance.

    • Thank you Thabo for the comment, there is a lot of people that live with severe pain everyday and I don’t think they have to. There are ways to finding and stopping the problem. They just have to get to a doctor and get test done to narrow it done. Don’t you think?

  9. My son has epilepsy. He was born with it and has experienced each type of seizure that you have mentioned. We are lucky in that he responds so well to medication.

    Luckily, I was a MET prior to having him and was studying to become a paramedic, so I had been through extensive training. Unfortunately, he will not outgrow them as most children do. His are cause by a venous angina in the right parietal lobe, bordering on the right temporal lobe. Which is to say he has an abnormal formation or cluster in the veins in his head.

    Your article is clear and concise. You presented a lot of information in a straightforward way. Thank you for raising awareness for epilepsy and other seizure disorders!

    • Thanks for the comment Anita, I’ve got a grandson who has them and we’re hoping as he gets older he will grow out of them. I don’t like to see him when his them very disturbing.

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